The Scots pine is a European tree species, which is also found in the Near East. It is subalpine and thrives in the lowland. Belonging to the pine family (Pinaceae) and the genus Pinus, it has orange-reddish bark in the upper third and reddish-brown bark further down. The Scots pine can grow to around 600 years of age, and will reach heights of 20 to 35 metres.

Extreme Adaptability

This tree possess exceptional adaptive capabilities. It is frost hardy and resistant to both heat and drought, thus fitting well into urban climates. An impressive example of the plant’s strength and lack of sophistication is one Scots pine which grows on Auerbach Castle, in the Odenwald. This particular specimen sits atop the castle at seven metres tall, its roots planted firmly in the brickwork, and it continues to grow even now at over 300 years old.

High Resin Content

The main reason why Scots pines previously were cultivated, and still are today, is their high resin content. This resin is works wonderfully when sealing barrels and boats. Also, due to their flammable property caused by the high resin content, pinewood chips made from Scots pine were used up until the 19th century as light sources.

Important for Furniture Construction

Scots pine wood is very significant as construction timber and is used widely in furniture building. The wood is often oiled or waxed with beeswax products, retaining its original texture and character. This makes the furniture into which it is made especially robust and easy to clean. What’s more, it is said that pieces of furniture made of Scots pine have a positive impact on the atmosphere in a room.

Fact Sheet: Scots Pine (Pinus Silvestris)

🇩🇪 Rotföhre 
🇮🇹 Pino di Scozia, Pino silvestre
🇫🇷 Pin sylvestre
Plant group: Woody plant / shrub
Subgroup: Conifers
Family: Pinaceae

Native to: CH, DE, AT
Originates in: Europe, North Africa, Middle East, North / East Asia
Habitus: large tree, crown initially cone-shaped, becomes umbrella-like
Height: 20.00 - 35.00 metres
Inside / outside: perennial outside
Flower: yellow, red
Flowering period: April to May
Fruit colour: brown / beige / grey
Fruit season: summer
Scion / trunk: brown / grey, red / orange
Leaf shape: needles, 7 cm, twirled, bluish-green
Leaf margin: entire
Leaf arrangement: in pairs
Foliage: evergreen